Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women in the US, but a study in Chest (Pasquinelli et al.) suggests the 2021 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) lung cancer screening guidelines, released in March, result in more women being ineligible for lung cancer screening than men.

Study researchers found that adding a specific risk prediction model criteria to the USPSTF guidelines may reduce this gender disparity in lung cancer screening. This risk prediction model does not feature an age-pack-years-quit-years restriction, but instead includes a total of 11 risk predictors.

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